It soon became capitalised and employed as the common name to refer to all Indigenous Australians.
Strictly speaking, Aborigine is the noun and Aboriginal the adjectival form; however, the latter is often also employed as a noun.
How does rock art help our understanding of California pre-contact aboriginal groups?
What are the types of rock art, and what are their defining features?
The population of Indigenous Australians at the time of permanent European settlement is contentious and has been estimated at between 318,000 there are significant differences in social, cultural and linguistic customs between the various Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups.
Evidence of the ancient art (if any) of this first wave of aboriginal settlers is extremely scarce, but there are signs of pigment usage which suggest that they began painting almost immediately, although this might have been face or body painting rather than rock painting.
Ubirr Rock is a world-famous site of Aboriginal rock art, on the edge of the Nadab floodplain in the traditional lands of the Gagudju people.
Ubirr (also known as "Obiri Rock") is the best-known site of Aboriginal prehistoric art in Kakadu National Park, Arnhem Land, in Australia's Northern Territory, although there are other rock-face galleries in the region, such as those at Nourlangie.
It comes from the Latin word aborigines, derived from ab (from) and origo (origin, beginning).
The word was used in Australia to describe its indigenous peoples as early as 1789.